Tag Archives: sony

Sony WM-D6C Walkman Pro DC-DC converter repair

This story starts with the long drive from Cambridge, UK to Warsaw, Poland. I like to be able to listen to music to while away the hours in the car, and I decided to use cassettes. Why? Our car radio is faulty, so much of the time there’s hardly anything to listen to. It has a CD player, but almost all of my CDs are stored away, having long since been converted to MP3s. There’s a handy AUX IN jack, so I can plug in my smartphone. But there’s simply no way to operate a smartphone without looking at it, and I’m not taking my eyes off the road at Autobahn speed.

My solution? Cassettes! I’ve got lots of them, generally high quality recordings, which I’ve never digitised, so they’re not stored away. They’re easy to operate with one hand without looking at them, too. But the car has no cassette player. Sorry, had no cassette player. A little judicious eBay shopping got me a Sony WM-D6C Walkman Professional in immaculate condition for a somewhat lower-than-average price because it didn’t work.


The WM-D6C is widely acknowledged to be one of the finest portable cassette machines ever made. It’s pocket-sized, if you have large pockets, and has sound quality and features that rival full-sized hi-fi cassette decks. It can also record, which is extremely unusual for a Walkman-format machine.

This particular example is a very late one. It doesn’t have the posh amorphous head of the original models, but the electronics are mostly easy-to-access surface-mount components rather than the gruesome bird’s nest of wire-ended parts that the early models had. I remember servicing an early one for a student radio station and it wasn’t a lot of fun. I think this one must have expired quite early in its life and been left on a shelf, because there’s no perceptible head wear and the casing is unmarked.

Putting batteries in and pressing play resulted in the ‘BATT’ LED coming on but absolutely nothing else. No clicks in the headphones, no motor whirring, nothing. Fortunately the service manual is readily available on line. ‘Supplement 4’, dated 2001, accurately describes my example.

Browsing the circuit diagram revealed one of the secrets of the WM-D6C’s excellent performance. Most Walkman-type cassette machines used a pair of ‘AA’ cells, so all the electronics had to run from just 3 volts. That’s common enough in 2018, but back in the day it was a real challenge, so the capabilities of the motor and electronics were compromised. The WM-D6C not only runs from four ‘AA’ cells, for a 6 volt supply, but does even better. Almost the first thing it does is step up that supply to about 11 volts. That rail then runs nearly everything, including the motor and audio circuits. A nice generous supply voltage is a good start for getting top performance, especially with 1980s-era technology.

A quick prod with the multimeter revealed the problem. This boosted supply was entirely absent. Seeing as how it powers most of the machine, that would explain the lack of results. The supply rail comes from a much-feared component, the DC-DC converter (CP304). Inscrutable in its little screening can, labelled ‘SONY’ on the right hand side of the picture of the Walkman’s entrails below, it’s often considered unrepairable.


The service manual includes a somewhat misleading diagram of its innards. I think the diagram is actually back-to-front, showing the output and input swapped, because that’s the only way it makes sense. The NPN transistor makes a boost converter in a variation on the classic ‘joule thief‘ circuit, and the PNP one with works with the zener diode to regulate the output by depriving the switching transistor of bias if the output voltage rises too high.

WM-D6C DC-DC converter

The converter wasn’t too hard to remove and dismantle, given reasonable desoldering tools and a powerful iron to unsolder the can. Here’s what’s inside. There are components on both sides of the board, and a certain amount of grey silicone which is easy enough to peel off. Back in the 1980s this would have seemed intimidating in its compactness, but it’s easy to work on given modern tools.

Finding the fault was a case of looking for the ‘usual suspects’: there were two tantalum bead capacitors sitting there looking guilty.  The one on the input was short-circuit, which had killed off the 22uH inductor connected to pin 3, the large green component on the right.

I replaced the faulty components, using a higher-voltage-rated tantalum and a ceramic chip in parallel to replace the capacitor, and a surface-mount inductor with bits of wire soldered on to it. The values aren’t very critical and I just used what happened to be lying around. A quick test, giving it 6V from a bench power supply, revealed a healthy 11V or so at the output.

After reinstalling the converter and reassembling the machine (watch out for the little ‘speed tune on/off’ knob at the back) it worked! It shows signs of having had attention from the phantom twiddler. The head azimuth adjustment screw was tightened up, but good quality sound returned when it was properly adjusted. The peak level meter seems rather unenthusiastic so may need adjustment, and I haven’t checked the recording bias yet. There’s also a forest of little surface-mount electrolytics waiting to dribble corrosive ooze all over the PCB, but that’s a job for the long winter evenings. For now, it’s working. Being able to play cassettes has turned out to be unexpectedly useful. We rediscovered a tape of nursery rhymes from Domowe przedszkole, a classic Polish children’s TV programme, which granted us peace on a long trip recently!

Sony Xperia P (LT22i) Jelly bean battery drain

I have a Sony Xperia P (LT22i) phone. Sony have recently updated the software for it, so it now runs Android Jellybean. Last week, I plugged the phone into my desktop PC and the Sony software proudly announced that an upgrade was available. The existing (Ice Cream Sandwich) version had some niggly problems, so I thought upgrading was a good idea. Well, I was almost right.


The software build it installed was 6.2.A.1.100. The upgrade proceeded without a hitch, but I soon noticed a problem: the phone’s battery life had become hopelessly bad. I used to be about to use it for 24-48 hours without charging, but now it would discharge itself by more than 50% overnight without even being used. That’s useless. Looking at the power management screen, the application using most of the juice was ‘Phone’. Phone? Surely that’s the one application that they must have tested, right? It turns out I wasn’t the only one with this problem. There are forum threads about it on various sites. Look at this one:


After much cursing and head-scratching, I managed to fix it, but the fix isn’t very nice. Basically I used the ‘repair my phone’ link in the Sony PC Companion software, which does a factory reset and reinstalls the software. It’s brutal, but effective.

The process goes like this:

  • do a complete backup of the phone using the PC Companion software. Don’t be afraid of the incredibly long time it takes before it actually starts backing anything up.
  • select the ‘Support Zone’, then ‘Phone/Tablet Software Update’, then use the ‘repair my phone/tablet’ link and follow the instructions.
  • when your phone eventually restarts, get it connected to the internet either by Wi-fi or 3G. Add your Google account to it. Don’t try to restore the backup yet: most of it would fail because the apps aren’t installed yet.
  • on a desktop PC, go to play.google.com/apps and log in with your Google account. It should show, under ‘My Apps’, a list of apps previously installed on your phone. Click on them and set them to be installed.
  • the phone should now download and install the apps you’ve selected.
  • when the apps are restored, restore your backup using the PC Companion software. Again, there’s a long delay before anything happens, but it works eventually. Expect a few error messages if there are any apps you had installed before but chose not to put back. They’re harmless.
  • now spend ages getting everything set up the way you liked it before. Sadly the backup doesn’t keep things like your icon layout, wallpaper, notification settings, ring tones and myriad other little things.

This whole process wastes about half a day, in my experience, which is annoying. But at least my phone works properly again and doesn’t drain the battery. I just wish it hadn’t gone wrong in the first place. More testing needed, Sony, please.